Dermal fillers are a popular choice for those looking to reduce signs of aging without undergoing invasive surgery. These injectable treatments can help to restore lost volume, smooth wrinkles, and fill lips, giving you a more youthful appearance. Dermal fillers are made from a variety of materials, including hyaluronic acid, polymethyl methacrylate, poly-L-lactic acid, calcium hydroxylapatite, and autologous fat. Each type of filler has its own benefits and risks, so it is important to consult with an experienced cosmetic surgeon to determine which is the best option for you.
Hyaluronic acid is a natural component of the skin's connective tissue and is the most common filler used in facial cosmetic procedures. It can help to smooth fine lines and folds and restore skin fullness. Calcium hydroxylapatite is used to treat deeper skin wrinkles and folds and can help contour the jawline and restore volume in and around the cheeks. These injections can last up to three years when used to fill wrinkles and up to a year when used to contour.
Polymethyl methacrylate is a non-toxic and biodegradable substance that has been used for more than 40 years as a suture material. It is the only FDA-approved dermal filler that is not absorbed by the body. It is made with polymethylmethacrylate (PMMA) beads suspended in a solution containing bovine (cow) collagen. PMMA beads are small, round, smooth, plastic particles that are injected into the face, causing the body's own production of collagen.
Poly-L-lactic acid is another synthetic dermal filler that stimulates the body's own production of collagen. This type of dermal filler is known as a stimulator and produces gradual volumization over several months. Autologous fat is fat that is transplanted from another part of the body and produces very natural results with minimal side effects. Dermal fillers are generally safe when administered by an experienced doctor.
However, risks associated with an improperly performed procedure may include bruising, redness, pain, or itching. It is important to disclose your medical history prior to treatment as certain allergies, skin conditions, or medications may jeopardize your safety or results. On average, dermal fillers stay under the skin for about 6 to 12 months depending on their ingredients and how they were formulated. Finding the right doctor to perform your dermal filler procedure is key in order to achieve optimal results with minimal risks.
With so many dermal filler products on the market, it can be difficult to know which is the best option for you without the guidance of an experienced cosmetic surgeon.